KarboLyn The Best pre run Carbohydrate drink?

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Karbolyn

For me getting my carbohydrates in when im training or running can sometimes be a problem, dextrose leaves me with a horrible crash afterwards, maltodextrin gives me a head ache if i have too much of it, fructose is ok if  mixed with maltodextrin but again my stomach has never been the strongest and too much of any of them always leaves me feeling nauseous.

A struggle i have had is finding something that works from a fuelling point of view as i train alot in the gym, on the squash court and obviously i run. I was recently looking at Myprotein’s selection of endurance products as they are always pushing discounts and i came across something called KarboLyn. Sounded like a stupid name which is what initially caught my eye, i clicked the page and opened it up.

The info presented about the product looked good, they are selling it so it was hardly going to read badly and i have brought stuff before that looks good in principal but in reality performs average at best. But i have to say i have used it 6 times so far and on the whole the product has performed well.

The early morning long run was becoming a problem as my marathon prep milage was increasing. Heading out at 5am meant i was struggling to get enough calories in before i went out and as i approached double figures i was just running out of steam. After the Karbo-Lyn arrived i mixed 30g scoop into some water and drunk it down, bit sweet, not really sweet though, but not great. I mixed another 30g into my water bottle with some electrolytes waited 30 mins and ran out the door.

I have been performing solidly since, no bloating or nauseous feeling afterwards, my energy is much better on the whole and i am back upto 15 hilly miles. No revelation, no massive spike or buzzed up caffiene feeling, just a clean burning fuel that has been specifically designed to do exactly for purpose. It has worked post run mixed with some protein really well, the recovery has been spot on.

This is from the Myprotein site just the bare facts really.

Nutritional Information

Per 100g Per Serving *RI
Energy 1700 kJ/400 kcal 510 kJ/120 kcal 6%
Fat 0 g 0 g 0%
of which saturates 0 g 0 g 0%
Carbohydrates 100 g 30 g 12%
of which sugars 0 g 0 g 0%
Protein 0 g 0 g 0%
Salt <0.01 g <0.01 g 0%

 

What is Karbo-Lyn®?

Karbo-Lyn®is a patented carbohydrate sourced from starch and contains very unique properties. It is a homopolysaccharide carbohydrate which means it is made up of many monosaccharide’s joined together by glycosidic bonds. Karbo-Lyn®passes through the stomach very quickly and it acts like a pump, pulling water and nutrients along with it.

Benefits of Karbo-Lyn®

Karbo-Lyn®has a high osmolality and is completely sugar free. To create a fast absorption through the stomach, the molecular mass has been uniquely manipulated making it have an uptake much faster than dextrose or Maltodextrin but without the added bloating effect.

Who is Karbo-Lyn®Suitable for?

Karbo-Lyn®is ideal for anyone looking for a source of carbohydrates before or after their training or competition. It is also suitable for anyone looking for a non-sugar based carbohydrate prior to endurance or ultra-endurance based events or for recovery after resistance based exercise. Due to the fast uptake of Karbo-Lyn®, it is recommended to consume this immediately following your exercise.

We recommend consuming 50g of Karbo-Lyn®either before, after or during your exercise. However, this will depend on your specific training goals and the type of exercise you are undertaking.

Nutrition recommendation

Carbohydrate loading: If you are wanting to use Karbo-Lyn®for a carbohydrate loading phase, we recommend to consume 1 serving (50g) with a high carbohydrate diet every 2-3 hours in the day leading up to your event.

Pre-race: We recommend consuming 1 serving of Karbo-Lyn®2-3 hours prior to your race for optimal results.

Post-race: We recommend consuming 1 serving of Karbo-Lyn®immediately (<1hour) following your race. Take a following serving 2-3 hours following this alongside a high carbohydrate diet.

 

Click here to see the product I’m talking about.

http://tidd.ly/41362d83

 

 You may also be interested in this article

Top 3 natural sports drink alternatives

Protein Supplements For Runners The Benefits and how they can improve training, racing, recovey and performance

runner

This article explores the best supplements for marathon runners, endurance athletes and recreational runners looking to enhance recovery and increase energy. It gives a detailed account of what to take before, during and after a run.

Protein + Supplements For Runners | Benefits + Q&A

By Christopher Tack 

Clinical Specialist Physiotherapist

Supplements can mean a fraction of a second difference to a runner’s performance. The difference between 1st and 3rd place in a world championship 5K race is 0.53 seconds (1). Meaning a half a second faster run would get you a gold medal, rather than a bronze!

It is no surprise then that elite runners are more likely to use dietary supplements than the average runner (2). Where though, as a runner, do you start?

What is worth taking? How do you know what is going to make you run better?

This article is to answer these questions not simply for an elite athlete, but also those of us who just like to hit the pavement for a run to let off steam.

Let’s find out what runners should keep in your supplement cupboard.


1 Carbohydrates

2 Protein

3 caffeine

4 Beta-Alanine

5  D-ribose

#1 click to view Carbohydrates

Like every journey, let us start with fuel we need to get us where we want to go.

Since the 1900’s athletes have plied themselves with sugary sweets and treats before competing in endurance events to try to give themselves an edge (3).

This progressed ultimately to a point where scientists more rigorously examined the benefits of high carbohydrate feedings before and during endurance exercise (4). It has been found that ensuring a sufficient supply of carbohydrates pre- and during exercise has influences on a number of physiological variables which can assist with boosting performance.

For example, utilising carbohydrates as a supplement or through diet can assist with blood glucose level balance, provision of glycogen for working muscles and the maintenance of electrolyte levels to assist and sustain muscle contraction efficiency (5-6). It is the combination of such effects that makes carbohydrate supplements one of the most effective ergogenic aids for running (7).

The process of running any sort of long distance (>8km) has a significant dependence onoxidation of carbohydrates and fats to fuel aerobic respiration. During long distance runs fatigue of the working muscles varies but obviously is greater with increasing distance. It is worth noting that during half and full marathons carbohydrate depletion is a significant component of the fatigue seen in athletes (1).

Experimental studies show the definite advantage carbohydrate ingestion (with or without electrolytes) on running performance. For example, endurance running between 15km and 40km can be boosted between 2% and 10% but carbohydrate ingestion (8-11).

Additionally, alongside these studies which examine running outside, studies also show that running performance on a treadmill was similarly improved by carbohydrate ingestion(12-14).

A really interesting study examined how carbohydrate effects recovery following intense exercise by evaluating cellular muscle tissue damage (15).

This study took 24 male runners and gave them either a carbohydrate (maltodextrin) drink or a zero calorie placebo drink every day for 8 days alongside a high intensity running protocol.

After the 8-day intense regime their results were startling.

They measured plasma levels of free DNA and lactate dehydrogenase, which is an enzyme associated with muscle tissue breakdown for energy generation (16-17). They found that in the placebo group levels of this enzyme increased in response to the excessive overload of the running programme. However, when given a carbohydrate drink the runners displayed minimal change in this marker of damage.

Additionally, they found that the increase in free plasma DNA after the running programme was reduced, alongside the concentration of leukocytes; which again indicate muscle tissue damage. This shows that cellular tissue damage can be limited with the inclusion of supplementary carbohydrates.

What form of carbohydrate is best?

Whether you take your carb supplement as a liquid beverage, a gel or as a powder or solid, it makes minimal difference to the usage of that carbohydrate for oxidation (18-19).

This is an important statement as runners tend to be more prone to gastrointestinal stress and related symptoms such as nausea, sickness, stomach pain and other complaints, compared to similarly trained athletes in cycling (20-21). Therefore, the option of varying and modifying your form of carbohydrate supplement ensures all athletes have the same opportunity to gain these benefits.

Should I take carbohydrates when full or fasted?

The benefits of intra performance carbohydrates are reserved for when athletes start their run in a fasted state (e.g. without having eaten in the preceding three hours) (22-23).

Interestingly, when a runner starts their run (having had eaten a high carbohydrate meal in the 3 hours before exercise) this supplement will have minimal effect on the subsequent running performance (23).

However, if the runner is fasted (has NOT eaten a high carbohydrate meal in the last three hours) then taking a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink both before and during the run will provide a 2.5% boost to the total distance ran, and an almost 3% boost to their running speed (22). Thus emphasising the benefit for carb supplements taken in a fasted state pre-run!

How much carbohydrates shall I consume?

In order to answer this question it is worth considering the rate of oxidation of carbohydrates stored in our body. This will of course help us identify how long they may last and when they will need to be replaced, in order to stave off fatigue.

A moderate intensity run can be characterised as working at 65-75% VO2 Max (maximum rate of oxygen consumption).

At this intensity we oxidise (burn) 1g of our carbohydrate stores per minute (60g per hour) (24-25).

This subsequently would leave us scraping the barrel for stored carbohydrates after 60-90 minutes of our run. It would be essential then to replace these carbohydrates however we could (as long as this suits how our gastrointestinal system will react). This could be via food, a drink or a carb gel. However, you can and however much you can- this is the time to get carbs inside you.

Usual guidelines for performance suggest a 30-60g dose of carbohydrates every hour during exercise to optimise their impact on time to exhaustion and speed of run (26-35).

#2 click to view Protein

As a runner, do I need protein?

If you train or exercise you will require protein to sustain an equal or positive net protein balance. In order to run you need muscles which have efficient endurance to keep you moving, and every time you run you push the button on protein degradation.

In order to stop muscle atrophy and overuse injury, you need both rest and protein for recovery. This is particularly true if you perform concurrent or periodised strength training to improve your running performance (as is generally suggested) (57-58).

A male endurance athlete requires approximately 1.6g of protein per kg of bodyweight, with females needing 1.3-1.45g (59). This elevated protein need is to provide enough amino acids for oxidation and sufficient protein to balance muscle protein degradation. This is particularly true when running in a carbohydrate deficient state (fasted) in order to preserve lean muscle mass (59-60).
It is evident then that the ingestion of protein (particularly with carbohydrates) following a period of running can assist muscle protein re-synthesis and promote a positive net protein balance (61). This in turn should then result in improved running performance endurance (62).

#3 Caffeine

Caffeine (typically found in coffee, tea and soft drinks) actually has a long history of use as an ergogenic stimulant.

It’s use as a dietary supplement is due to its ability to improve endurance exercise performance which makes it a very suitable choice for consideration to aid running.

How can caffeine help me as a runner?

The benefits of caffeine to aid running performance centre around prevention of fatigue, sparing of muscle glycogen stores, promotion of greater amounts of fat oxidation and in the reduction of perceived effort during exhaustive exercise (37-47).

The mechanism by which caffeine works is through altering nerve function. It has two main effects to reduce fatigue; which are by inhibiting the effects of adenosine (a neurotransmitter involved with suppression of arousal and sleep) (48); and through enhancing muscle motor unit recruitment (49-50).

Studies demonstrate that a caffeine dose of 3-6mg per kg of bodyweight increases the amount of time it takes to run to exhaustion (51). Additionally, in a different experiment these same researchers found that the same dose given 1 hour before running provided a21% increase in speed of run time (52). This meant an increased running time to exhaustion of almost 11 minutes!


#4 click to view Beta-Alanine

Beta-alanine is an amino acid and works as a precursor for the dipeptide carnosine. It is also rate limiting, meaning that when there is not enough beta-alanine, then the amount of carnosine in our bodies reduces.

Similar to sodium bicarbonate, carnosine is a buffer for our blood. In this case of carnosine, it reacts to reduce the concentration of lactic acid which accumulates through muscle contraction and effectively normalises the PH of our blood (76).

Why should I take beta-alanine?

The muscle contractions which occur when you run will ultimately elevate the levels of hydrogen and lactate ions in your blood reducing the PH to acidic levels. Supplementing with beta-alanine will raise the levels of carnosine to work as a blood buffer, and lead to reduction in muscle fatigue when running.

In fact taking 4.8g of beta-alanine daily for a period of 12 weeks can increase carnosine concentration by 80% (77-78).

But will this actually help my running?

A couple of studies have directly examined the effect of beta-alanine on running performance.

STUDIES

How much beta-alanine should I take?

The usual supplement regime advised is a 4-10 week course of approximately 400mg-800mg per day. The time to reach increase carnosine levels in the muscle can be as little as 2 weeks, but longer courses should consolidate the muscle carnosine concentration and demonstrate more ergogenic effect.

Aim for 179g over the course of supplementation to optimise carnosine levels.

# 5 click to view D-ribose

D Ribose occurs naturally in all living cells. It is a simple sugar that begins the metabolic process for ATP production. D Ribose works synergistically with creatine and may improve the benefits of this.

D Ribose has been proven to help increase muscular energy, boost stamina, and help recovery. D Ribose is also a very efficient way to improve your energy when working out. It is involved in the synthesis of ATP in the muscle cell giving you greater energy production for longer.

A Take Home Message

There are vast arrays of supplements available, some of which are suitable for those of us who enjoy or compete at running. The most commonly discussed are carbohydrates and caffeine which have good evidence supporting their use as long as both dosage and timing are carefully considered and planned.

However, other supplements are likely just as worth of attention, particularly in the attenuation of fatigue, if that is an issue which is limiting your running.

As always, test and try these supplements and measure the effect specifically on YOUR running performance.

D ribose Aids performance and recovery in endurance sports

 

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D-ribose Aids recovery and performance in endurance sports.

Click here to read more

http://tidd.ly/279700a8

Additional info on How D ribose can help recovery. See links below

http://storefronts.supplysideshow.com/~/media/Files/Storefronts/supplyside/resources/179877/480-Scientific%20Rationale%20for%20the%20Nutritional%20Use%20of%20D-Ribose%20to%20Support%20Skeletal%20Muscle%20Health%20and%20Function.pdf

Middle distance runner Hannah England’s diet, training & recovery routine

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As one of the nation’s top middle distance runners, Hannah is no stranger to strict training programmes.

Having a varied training regime is vital for a middle distance runner…clink below to continue reading

http://tidd.ly/11ba9cdf

currently offering 30% discount

Myprotein has just released a new range of Endurance products from Recovery and Protein Gels, Electrolyte drinks, Recoverfuel, Whey Protein

The zone diet plan and Four fat burners to warm you up

The zone is probably one of the most effective eating plans I have used with clients. The products below work as a complement to what you are doing with both diet and training. They will not work as a stand alone or short cut.

http://library.crossfit.com/free/pdf/cfjissue21_May04.pdf

Use routines like this to help push your metabolism through the roof

https://markpottersite.me/2016/07/06/training-today/

image£13.99

The protein works Thermopro

http://tidd.ly/6f4133f0

Discount code WAKEUP

image£13.99

Myprotein thermopure

http://tidd.ly/f83814c1

Code 25% off EURO

image£14.99

Bulk Powders Thermogenic

http://tidd.ly/633850e9

use code PNMY16

image£13.99

Go Nutrition Burnmax

http://tidd.ly/1fa150ae

use code XDCDR4

 

Creatine benefits endurance training and recovery

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Myprotein high quality affordable research driven creatine supplement

Enter this code to get a 10% discount MARKPOTTERSITE10

http://tidd.ly/435ca61d

Interesting Research article on  creatine supplementation kayaking, running and endurance training. the article explores how athletes can manipulating the use of creatine without the negative side effects of additional weight gain.

See article link below

http://www.pponline.co.uk/encyc/creatine-supplements-can-boost-your-endurance-training-without-encouraging-weight-gain-143#

See recovery nutrition for additional  info and post exercise nutritional strategies.

 

4 fat burner comparison

Below are 4 fat burners from both Myprotein and Bulk Powders. They will only offer assistance to an exercise and diet routine that is already in place. They would be used to prep the body and the metabolism almost acting as a primer to get you going before you undertake whatever routine you are following. On both sites there are literally hundreds of reviews for all products feel to tyake a read.

Thermopure
http://tidd.ly/f83814c1

MYTHERMO™

http://tidd.ly/3bba9729

CUTTING EDGE™

http://tidd.ly/1fd6574f

COMPLETE THERMOGENIC™

http://tidd.ly/633850e9

My choice as a stand alone and not part of a combination package would be

COMPLETE THERMOGENIC™

£14.99

Myprotein offers 2 main  products:

Thermopure

Thermopure

£13.99

Thermopure is a potent formula containing a host of ingredients to support a multiplicity of training goals. When you are working out, whether that be spinning at dawn or attending a gruelling cross-fit session after work, your body requires maximum energy, drive and focus to keep you achieving those all important goals.

Ahead of the curve in innovation, Thermopure provides a unique combination of trusted and popular ingredients. With each serving, your body is powered with a host of B vitamins, 120mcg of Chromium (as Chromium Picolinate), 150mg of caffeine, 375mg of Green Tea Extract, 200mg of L-Tyrosine, 125mg of L-Theanine and a touch of cayenne powder.

  • 21 mcg of Vitamin B12 and 5mg of Vitamin B6 contain a variety of benefits. Firstly, they will help to reduce tiredness and fatigue throughout the day. Secondly, they will support normal energy-yielding metabolism, which is essential throughout the day when your body is burning fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Lastly, they will support the normal function of your immune system which is placed under huge stress when exercising.
  • 150mg of Caffeine (equivalent to 2 x small cappuccinos) has been scientifically proven to increase alertness and concentration, giving you that explosive energy to push yourself further.
  • Alongside aiding macronutrient metabolism, 120mcg of Chromium will support the maintenance of normal blood glucose levels, which is essential for health and well-being.

Thermopure is aimed at any male or female athlete, bodybuilder or sports enthusiast who is looking for a blend of key nutrients and minerals in an easy-to-consume capsule.

Serving Size – 3 Capsules

Servings Per Container – 30 (90 Capsules), 60 (180 Capsules)

MYTHERMO™

MYTHERMO™

£14.99

MYTHERMO™ is a ground-breaking fat loss supplement precisely designed to help you get the most out of your weight loss programme. The combination of potent ingredients make this next-generation weight management formulation a must have for everyone dedicated to their training and nutrition regime.

Kola Nut, the fruit of the Kola tree which grows in the tropical rainforests of Africa, is what separates this formulation from the rest. The natural extract of the Kola Nut can help to support slimming and can contribute to body weight control – making it the ideal ingredient to help support your weight loss programme. Choline is another key component since it contributes to normal lipid metabolism, meaning that it plays a vital role in the conversion of fat into energy.

MYTHERMO™ is also engineered to enhance your workouts and boost energy levels with the addition of natural caffeine sources and B vitamins. Kola Nut and Guarana contribute naturally to the 100mg of caffeine provided per serving, a well-known stimulant that helps to increase alertness and helps to improve concentration (providing at least 75mg of caffeine is taken per portion). We have also added 125mg of TeaCrine® per serving, a compound with a similar molecular structure to caffeine, to provide that extra kick. Vitamin B6 and B12 contribute to normal energy yielding metabolism and to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.

We have also added Bladderwrack, a seaweed found on the coasts of the North Sea, which is a great source of natural iodine. Iodine contributes to normal cognitive function as well as contributing to the normal production of thyroid hormones and normal thyroid function. To complete the formulation, we have added natural extracts of Grape Seed and White Kidney Bean.

Serving Size – 3 Capsules

Servings Per Container – 30 (90 Capsules), 60 (180 Capsules)

Bulk Powders also offer 2 products:

CUTTING EDGE™

CUTTING EDGE™

£25.49

Premium Fat Burner

CUTTING EDGE™ | THE UK’S BEST?

The challenge: “Ignore the costs and just create the very best fat loss supplement possible.”

The result: CUTTING EDGE™.

CUTTING EDGE™ is, quite simply, the UK’s very best fat loss supplement. We have taken 10 exciting ingredients, shown to contribute to weight loss, normal nutrient metabolism, normal thyroid function and more, dosed them all at optimal levels and combined them to create this pioneering formula.

Unlike other fat loss products, where ingredient amounts are hidden by proprietary blends, CUTTING EDGE™ is completely transparent. The exact quantity of each ingredient is clearly listed – after all, you deserve to know exactly what you are putting into your body. If you compare the ingredient dosages, you will see that they are far higher than any other fat loss product on sale today. Just one example of which is Green Coffee Extract; this has been included at almost 40 times the amount of a leading competitor product.

CUTTING EDGE™ contains 180 capsules per box and has been designed to last exactly one month when used as directed. The capsules have been blister packed to pharmaceutical standards, preventing any chance of contamination and enabling easy to monitor product usage.

We appreciate that proclaiming CUTTING EDGE™ the UK’s best fat loss supplement is quite a statement. Well, try it, and if you are not completely happy – we will give you your money back!*

CUTTING EDGE™ | LIPID METABOLISING FORMULA

CUTTING EDGE™ contains a massive 10 active ingredients. The most impressive aspect of this is that every ingredient in CUTTING EDGE™ is research-proven to help you achieve your goals, and is included in its optimal dosage and most bioavailable form.

Equally impressive is that CUTTING EDGE™ is not just packed with stimulants that actually serve no purpose in relation to fat loss. The ingredients in CUTTING EDGE™ utilise a number of different mechanisms of action, including: increased satiety (feeling of fullness, which prevents unnecessary snacking), lipid metabolism, thyroid function and improved digestion. This multi-pronged attack ensures that CUTTING EDGE™ delivers maximum results.

This is almost 4.5g of active ingredients. No other fat loss supplement is this potently dosed.

CUTTING EDGE™ | INGREDIENT SPOTLIGHT

Glucomannan 3000mg: The highest quality powder derived from the Konjac plant. This water soluble fibre will help contribute to weight loss by increasing the feeling of satiety, therefore preventing unnecessary snacking. Glucomannan has also been proven to contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels and improve gut and bowel health.

Green Coffee Extract 400mg: This popular supplement is taken from unroasted green coffee beans and has gained a well-earned reputation within the sports nutrition world. Containing a massive 50% Chlorogenic Acid, this premium extract is far more potent than competitor products, which contain only 20%.

L-Phenylalanine 400mg: This pure form of Phenylalanine is found in protein rich foods – L-Phenylalanine is a pre-cursor to the amino acid, Tyrosine.

Caffeine 300mg: An extremely popular stimulant, Caffeine has also been shown to reduce the RPE (rate of perceived exertion – how hard you think you’re training), therefore resulting in you training harder for longer. Caffeine is also known for its effects on mental alertness, which can be very helpful for those adopting energy resisted diets.

Cinnamon Extract 250mg: Cinnamon is a spice that has been used in food for thousands of years.

Peppermint leaf powder 50mg: This widely known mint, is an ancient herb; its characteristic smell has made it one of the most popular herbs for centuries.

Choline Bitartrate 50mg: Part of the B-Complex vitamin family, Choline is an essential nutrient found in foods such as egg yolks and spinach. Choline is a precursor of phospholipids that contributes to normal fat metabolism in the body.

BioPerine® 5mg: Nature’s bioavailability enhancing thermonutrient, BioPerine® is extracted from the fruit of the Piper Nigrum L (Black Pepper) and is included in CUTTING EDGE™ to increase the absorption rates of all other ingredients.

Chromium Picolinate 1mg (2500% RDA): Chromium contributes to normal carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Chromium in the form of Picolinate has been specifically chosen for the CUTTING EDGE™ formula.

Selenium Methionine 55mcg (100% RDA): Extremely fast absorbing selenium bound to the amino acid methionine – Selenium has been shown to contribute to the protection of cells from oxidative stress as well as contibuting to normal thyroid function.

COMPLETE THERMOGENIC™

£14.99

Complete Thermogenic™

WHAT IS COMPLETE THERMOGENIC™?

Complete Thermogenic™ incorporates an exciting array of research-proven nutrients to help you achieve your goals, with old favourites such as Green Tea and Caffeine, alongside newer ingredients such as Raspberry Ketones and BioPerine®, Complete Thermogenic™ is clearly an industry leading formula.

The inclusion of Caffeine, in particular, ensures that Complete Thermogenic™ contributes to a reduction in perceived exertion during exercise. Perceived exertion is how hard you think you’re exercising, and, as such, is of great benefit for anyone looking to further increase their training intensity.

BENEFITS OF COMPLETE THERMOGENIC™

  • Contributes to normal macronutrient metabolism
  • Reduced perceived rate of exertion
  • 9 potently dosed ingredients
  • Explicitly listed dosages
  • High Strength Green Tea Extract
  • High Dose Citrus Aurantium

 

Unlike the vast majority of  competitor supplements, the exact quantity of each ingredient in Complete Thermogenic™ is clearly listed. We don’t need to hide behind ‘proprietary blends,’ or any other fancy marketing terms – we’re proud that each ingredient in Complete Thermogenic™ is appropriately dosed and want to share that with you. What’s more, we ensure that each ingredient is of the absolute highest potency and purity available.

Vegetarians and Vegans will also be pleased to know that Complete Thermogenic™ uses V-Caps as opposed to gelatin capsules!

WHAT IS IN COMPLETE THERMOGENIC™?

Citrus Aurantium 450mg

Also known as Bitter Orange Peel. Complete Thermogenic™ packs in a huge 450mg per daily serving of the purest Citrus Aurantium available – more than any other leading brand.

Green Tea 95% 300mg

The highest strength Green Tea Extract has been included, containing an unrivalled 95% EGCG content.

Caffeine 300mg

Caffeine contributes to increased endurance performance and also reduces the rate of perceived exertion (RPE), which is how hard you think you’re exercising.

Raspberry Ketones 150mg

Complete Thermogenic™ includes ultra-pure EU compliant Raspberry Ketones at an impressive 150mg per daily serving.

Cayenne Pepper 150mg

Cayenne extract is one of the hottest substances known to man (don’t worry; you won’t be able to taste it!).

L-Tyrosine 200mg

Tyrosine is an amino acid that is, chemically, a pre-cursor to adrenaline.

L-Theanine 150mg

Theanine is the main amino acid found in Green Tea.

BioPerine® 5mg

This is the trademarked version of Black Pepper Extract, which ensures that it is the absolute highest quality available.

Chromium Picolinate 1mg

Chromium contributes to the maintenance of normal blood glucose levels.